Reproductive System

A healthy offspring comes from a healthy womb by the union of healthy sperm and ovum. However, our stressful, fast-paced lifestyle has caused a steep increase in infertility rates, irregular menstrual cycles, and other such conditions. According to Ayurveda, various permutations of doshas (Vata, pitha, Kapha) bring out different bodily changes in different phases of a women’s life. During each stage, Ayurveda recommends dietetics and regimens that women and men should follow. In Ayurveda, reproductive and child health is dealt with under the departments of prasuthi, streeroga, Rasayana, and vajeekarana and a variety of techniques are recommended such as Vamanam and Swedanam, the combinations of the therapies are usually customized to needs of the patient.

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus, most commonly occurring in women of reproductive age. The symptoms are capable of negatively impacting a woman’s quality of life, physical and social activities, and work productivity.

There are three major types of uterine fibroids. 

  1. Intramural fibroids: they grow within the muscular uterine wall.
  2. Submucosal fibroids: they bulge into the uterine cavity. 
  3. Subserosal fibroids: they project to the outside of the uterus.

Ayurveda identifies all fibroids as granthi, which means encapsulated growth. Granthi is formed when several morbid factors and vitiated doshas come together. Therefore, the uterine fibroid treatment in Ayurveda focuses on balancing the tridoshas. Scrapping and blood purifying ayurvedic medicines are favored to treat uterine fibroid. The ayurvedic intervention also helps relieve symptoms, restore women’s fertility, and prevent further complications, panchkarma is a treatment method that is recommended often.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have irregular or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) and fail to regularly release eggs.

There are four types of PCOS.

  1. Insulin resistance PCOS: cells become numb to insulin’s effect, resulting in a condition called insulinoma. 
  2. Adrenal PCOS: this type occurs during a massive stressful period.
  3. Inflammatory PCOS: this is caused due to chronic inflammation caused by a poor diet and an unhealthy lifestyle, leading to increased testosterone levels.
  4. Post-pill PCOS: hormonal birth control suppresses ovulation. This type of PCOS is also temporary and reversible.

In Ayurveda, PCOS is caused due to an imbalance of any of the two doshas – pitha (fire) and Kapha (water). Aggravated pitha causes contamination of the dhatus or tissues like blood and plasma, causing a buildup of toxins or ama in the body. Ayurvedic treatment for PCOS typically focuses on herbs, such as ashwagandha and turmeric, and therapies, such as yoga and breathing exercises. Treatments like Vamana in panchakarma, udhwarthanam, abhyangam are also recommended. 

The journey of pregnancy and childbirth is a magical experience for every woman. However, it is a physiologically and psychologically exhausting one. After the delivery, active care is given to the new mum in the first 6 weeks to restore her strength, prepare her to take care of herself and her newborn, ensure adequate lactation, and reposition the uterus back to its pre-pregnant state, and mental stress in the mother. The following 4 to 5 months is a rehabilitator period that emphasizes strengthening the abdominal muscles and ligaments and restoring the nutrient resources spent during pregnancy.

Procedures like abhyanga (body massage with oils), Udwartana (body massage with powders), Shirodhara, and Kati-Basti help the mother to relax from the stress of childbirth, strengthen her loosened muscles and ligaments of the abdomen and pelvis; and lose weight that was gained during pregnancy.

Internal medications of typical Kerala Ayurveda and massage for kids are advised.

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